CARL JUNG’S EGO, THE PERSONAL and COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS

Carl Jung described and divided the psyche into three parts the Ego, the Personal Unconscious, and the Collective Unconscious.

The Ego is additionally known as the self by Jung, according to (Jung, 1965) in (Maltby, Day, & Macaskill, 2010) as humans the ego is responsible for our feelings of identity. (Maltby, Day, & Macaskill, 2010) The ego holds memories from prior experiences relating to the thoughts and feelings in regards to individuals behaviors. The ego is quite akin to Freud’s meaning and has sense of self. Personal identity or ego developed around the age of four according Jung (Friedman& Shustask, 2006).

The Personal Unconscious is next to the ego and holds sheltered private experiences of an individual from earlier which the unconscious deems a threat and not part of the individual’s awareness (Maltby, Day, & Macaskill, 2010). The personal unconscious contains feelings and urges that have been actively repressed due to threatening behaviour or at present to not required (Friedman& Shustask, 2006). Jung acknowledged Freud’s theory that the unconscious is a storehouse for suppressed experiences from an individual’s memories (Pervin & Cervone, 2010).

The Collective Unconscious (Friedman& Shustask, 2006), is the last element in the psyche and is made up of archetypes emotional symbols which are common to all individuals “transpersonal than personal” from the beginning of time, in (Pervin & Cervone, 2010) “this psychic life is the mind of our ancient ancestors, the way in which they thought and felt, the way in which they conceived of life and the world, of gods and humans beings. The existence of these historical layers is presumably the source of belief in reincarnation and in memories of past lives” (Jung, 1939, p.24). knowledge we are all born with, Psychic inheritance which influences all our experiences and behaviors as in symbols and the meanings of certain myths we recognize instantly on first visual record, furthermore artists and musicians all have shared experiences i.e. religions, corresponding dreams, fairy tales literature from all over world a universal meaning and understanding like near death experiences from several cultural backgrounds had parallel accounts (Personality theories, 2006).

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