Carl Jung
Carl Jung

Personal Life of Carl Gustav Jung

Early Life:
Carl Gustav Jung was born on the 26th July, 1875 in Kessewil Switzerland He was the only son of Paul Jung, a Protestant minister and Emilie Preiswick Jung. A daughter was born when Jung was nine years old. When Jung was a one year old the family moved to a rural village outside Basel, where he spent the rest of his childhood.
When Carl was three his mother was hospitalised for several months due to depression, this has been said to have had a profound effect on him. "He said that it left him with a fundamental distrust of women, which was further reinforced by his mother's inconsistent attitudes towards him," (Storr, 1973; cited in Maltby, Day & Macaskill, 2010). It appears Jung had a very solitary childhood, and was deprived emotionally.
Paul Jung began to teach his son Latin when he was six, beginning his lifelong interest in language and literature. Carl Jung could eventually read several ancient languages along with Western European languages. Paul Jung died in 1896.

Jung attended a boarding school in Basel, where he found himself bullied by other children. Jung lost interest in school work, becoming lazy. He also began to faint to get out of doing things he didn't want to, such as his homework. After hearing his father voice his lack of belief his son would amount to anything Jung began to fight the fainting episodes and became engaged in school. Jung would look back at this event and see it as a major life lesson.
Despite archeology being his first career choice, Jung entered the University of Basel to study medicine in 1895. While working with the neurologist Kafft Ebing he settled on specialising in psychiatry. Jung graduated in the winter of 1900.
After graduation he took a job in the Burghoeltzli Mental Hospital in Zurich, working under Eugene Bleuler (an expert on and the namer of schizophrenia).
Between 1902 and 1903 Jung trained in Paris with Pierre Janet. Jung married Emma Rauschenbach in 1903 and went on to have five children, four sons and a daughter.

Jung and his family.
Jung and his family.

Carl Jung
Carl Jung

Later Life:
On his return to Zurich in 1903 Jung became appointed chief physician in Burgholzli Mental Hospital. Around this time Jung also was teaching classes at the University of Zurich, had a private practice and invented the technique of word association.
In 1906 Jung first wrote to Freud and finally met in 1907 and talked for 13 hours. Their relationship grew until Freud seen Jung as his successor and the future survival of psychoanalysis.
In 1908 Jung became the editor of Jahrbuch. In 1909 he along with Freud traveled to America to visit universities. In 1910 Jung became the first president of the International Association of Psychoanalysis.
Jung disagreed with Freud about the structure of the unconscious and as "Freud had little tolerance of others' opinions" (Carlson, Martin & Buskist, 2004), they fell out in 1913 and never seen each other again. In 1914 Jung retreated to Zurich and resigned from his positions to explore his own unconscious, spending six years there. He still saw patients during this time, but they traveled to see him. In 1923 Jung built a tower in Bollingen as a place he could go to introspect and would spend weeks alone there doing just that.
In 1933 Jung became the president of the German Society of Psychotherapy where he remained until 1940. Jung immediately made it into an International Society so that Jewish members could keep their membership despite Nazis gaining power in Europe. In 1936 Jung published Wotan "an uncompromising analysis of the psychological, and specifically archetypal, reasons for Nazism and of the risks it represented for the individual," (De Mijolla & Cengage, 2005). World War 2 "was a painful period of self-examination for Jung" (Boerre, 2006) and in 1944 Jung had a nearly fatal heart attack. He recovered completely but retired from practice in 1946, choosing to focus on research. After the war Jung traveled around the world including travelling to India, America and Africa.
Jung's wife Emma Rauschenbach died in 1955, after which Jung began disappearing from the public eye. He died on June 6, 1961 after a brief illness in the house in Zurich in which he had lived since 1908.

Carl Gustav Jung (1875 - 1961)
Carl Gustav Jung (1875 - 1961)
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Face to Face with Carl Jung - An Interview with Jung at his home in 1959
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